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Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province
Introduction
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Historical Park
Wat Chai Wattanaram
The ancient city of Ayutthaya, or Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, The Thai capital for 417 years, is one of Thailand's major tourist attractions. Many ancient ruins and art works can be seen in a city that was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong when the Thais were forced southwards by northern neighbors. During the period of Ayutthaya being the Thai capital, 33 Kings of different dynasties ruled the kingdom until it was sacked by the Burmese in 1767.

Ayutthaya is 76 kilometers north of Bangkok and boasts numerous magnificent ruins. Such ruins indicate that Ayutthaya was one of Indo - China's most prosperous cities. Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya a Historical Park, a vast stretch of historical site in the heart of Ayutthaya city, has been included in UNESCO's list of world heritage since 13 December ,1991. Ayutthaya covers 2,556 square kilometers, and is administratively divided into 16 districts (Amphoes). It is conveniently accessible due to good roads and a short distance from Bangkok.

Ayutthaya is an ancient city, founded by "King U-Thong or Ramathibodi I" in 1350. It was used as the capital of Thailand for 417, during the Ayutthaya period, 33 Kings of 5 Dynasties reigned over the Kingdom. During the first 180 years , the city was peaceful. The main activity then was about the state affair and trading which made Ayutthaya one of the most prosperous city in ASIA. But nine years after King Ramathibodi ll's death in 1529 Ayutthaya became involved, for the first time, in a war with MYANMAR which led to many wars after that. Ayutthaya was first defeated by the Burmese in 1569, but 15 years later it was back to its glory again by "King Naresuan the Great". Ayutthaya was peaceful again and enjoyed the activities in foreign affairs for about 118 years. It came to its peak until it was invaded and destroyed beyond repair by the Burmese in 1767. The capital was moved to Thonburi by "King Taksin the Great" who had fought against the Burmese and defeated them. After 15 years of King Taksin's reign. The capital was again moved to Bangkok by "King Rama the first". The founder of the present Chakri Dynasty.
Borders
North : Lopburi, Ang Thong and Saraburi
South : Pathumthani and Nonthaburi
East : Saraburi
West : Supanburi
Distance
Distances to Other Provinces
Ang Thong 31 km Saraburi 63 km
Suphanburi 53 km Bangkok 76 km

Distances from Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District to Other Districts
Bang Ban 10 km Phak Hai 29 km
Bang Pahan 13 km Bang Sai 34 km
Uthai 15 km Phachi 35 km
Bang Pa-In 17 km Bang Sai 45 km
Nakhon Luang 17 km Ban Phraek 53 km
Wang Noi 20 km Tha Ruea 60 km
Sena 20 km Lat Bua Luang 65 km
Maha Rat 25 km    
Festivals & Events
Bang Sai Arts & Crafts Fair
When: January
Where: The Royal Folk Arts & Crafts Center At Bang Sai
The annual fair showcases products of the SUPPORT project under H.M. the Queen's Royal Patronage. Visitors will enjoy shopping, and viewing exhibitions and a display of local products from each district of Ayutthaya province. Folk entertainment performances enliven the fair.
Songkran Festival
When: April
Where: In Front of Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit
The traditional Thai New Year is an occasion for merry making in Ayutthaya, with religious ceremonies as well as public festivities. Anyone who ventures out on the streets is likely to get a though soaking, but all in a spirit of fun and welcome at the peak of the hot season.
Bang Sai Loi Krathong and International Boat Racing ( Festival of Lights )
When: November
Where: The Royal Folk Arts & Crafts Center At Bang Sai
Bang Sai Royal Folk Arts and Crafts Center, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province Relive the glorious past of Ayutthaya on this atmospheric night. Enjoy the traditional procession of beauty queens from all 4 regions and experience the relaxing surroundings of a floating market demonstration.
Ayutthaya Loi Krathong
When: November
Where: In Front of Chantakasem National Museum
At the Loi Krathong Festival, little floats with candles are set adrift on the river under the full moon, creating a beautiful sight.
Ayutthaya World Heritage Site Celebrations
When: December
Where: Ayutthaya Historical park
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province, in collaboration with the relevant government agencies private sector and people of Ayutthaya have organized the fair to celebrate the "World Heritage City" every year. The fair featured the activities included the Buddha's relic to the merit making ceremony called Thaksinanupathan, Light and sound show and the reproduced atmosphere of the Ayutthaya, Shows & Performances on Main Stage of cultural shows, local music, concerts, singing contests, beauty contests, and a lot more activities, OTOP Products Fair & Local Goods Fair and a wide variety of delicious Thai dishes and local dishes are also offered at the festival.
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