Ratchaburi, a glorious town during the Dvaravati period, is located on the bank of the Mae Klong River.
The provincial area abounds in natural attractions and historical sites. It is located 80 kilometres west
of Bangkok and borders on Myanmar to the west having the Tanaosi Range as a borderline.
This province in Western Thailand has a varied topography; from the fertile level ground around the basin
of the Mae Klong River where the economy relies on all kinds of crop, vegetable and plant cultivation,
to the high mountain ranges of the Tanawsri Mountain in the west, along the Thai-Myanmar border.
The neighboring province to the north is Kanchanaburi, in the east are Nakhon Pathom,
Samut Sakhon and Samut Song Kram, While in the south is Phetchaburi Province.
From historical sources, antiques and other archaeological finds that have been uncovered, it appears that Ratchaburi,
in addition to bordering Myanmar, was also formerly a commercial port where many traders would meet.
So you can see that Ratchaburi is a land of rich and varied culture and origin,
much of which has been preserved and can still be seen today. Amongst the things
of interest are the history, the way of life, the culture, beautiful handicrafts,
and the natural beauty including caves, streams, forests and mountains. Something
to interest visitors from every comer of the world. We challenge you to come and not be impressed.
The Lineage of Thais in Ratchaburi Provices
"Phahuchartiphun" society, or the various cultures, is one of the most interesting aspects
of like in Ratchaburi. Although their cultural lifestyles have been changed by time and generations,
many groups still preserve their own ways of like that can be used as a model
for the new generations to study.
These many races, despite their different beliefs and lifestyles, are able to
live together in peace and harmony, making Ratchaburi a colorful place to live and visit
Thai Song Dam or Lao Sorng
The original Thai Song Dam lived in Dien Bien Foo, but the group which moved to Thailand come from Lao during the Napburi period.
At first, they could be found mostly in Khao Yoi, Phetchaburi, but during the reign
of King Rama 4 they began to move on to Ban Don Klang in Ratchaburi too.
The Lao Sorng have kept their traditions, rites and ceremonies intact. Even their food and clothing has
managed to stand the test of time. As their name "Dam" or "black" indicates, the tribe like to dress
in mostly black attire. The men wearing "Suang Kom", while the ladies prefer patterned brocades,
with their hair usually swept up and pinned on top of their heads.
The various Lao Sorng ceremonies are certainly worth watching if you have the opportunity. Nowadays,
most Ratchaburi Lao Sorng can be found around Ban Don Klang, Amphoe Damnoen Saduak , Don Khq ,
Amphoe Ban Phae, Amphoe Chom Bung and Amphoe Pak Tho.
Thai Tanawasri or Karen
This is a hill tribe of mixed race, originating from Tibet and Myanmar. They now live near the Thai/Myanmar border
and are the biggest hill tribe in Thailand.
When they first arrived in this country, Thai Tanawasri lived in Nong Krarien,
Tambon Rangbua and Amphoe Suwan Pueng, but after experiencing drought conditions in this area they moved
onto the banks of the Pha Chi tributarie.
Thai Tanawasri have continued their unusual annual tradition of making and eating rice wrapped in leaves.
This festival can be observed every year during the 9th lunar month , which usually falls in August,
and is known as the "Suwan Pueng Thai Tanasri."
The hilltribe have a special costume which is worn only on important ceremonial occasions.
Thai Tae Ban Phohak
It is often said that the Thai Tae Ban Phohok are really Thais. They
have a distinctive abrupt style of speech and vocabulary , Often using old colloquialisms.
One of the tribes interesting traditions is called "Khanara" which is a tradition about love.
They also popularly like to build clusters of Thai-style houses in the beautiful green and fertile
fields and meadows along the banks of the Phohak. This was the area that inspired, and was chosen for,
the classic Thai film "Plae Kao", which was produced by Churd Songsri and starred two
of the great Thai actors and actresses ; Kwan as the hero and Riem as the heroine.
The Lineage of Thai Mon (or Peguan)
The forefathers of the Mon tribe moved to Ratchaburi during the first Rattanakosin period
and lived beside the Mae Klong River in Amphoe Ban Pong and Amphoe Photharam. Even now ,they
continue to follow their old tradition of paying respect to the household spirits, and the
spirits of their ancestors. They are also very serious about their Buddhist religion,
believing that they were the first race to bring Buddhism from India.
The Mon's most important ceremony is called "Songkran Cho Mon" or "Mon New Year",
and is usually held about one week after Thai Songkran. They have many interesting
games, most notably "Mon Saba" which is a pitch-and-toss game. "Song Phikala" nad "Phrikadong"
On the final day of Buddhist Lent, the Thai Mon always go to the various temples situated
on the banks of the Mae Klong River , where they listen to sermons on the story of
the last great incarnation of the Lord Buddha, a story which consists of many episodes.
The Lineage of Thai Laowieng or laoti
The reason for calling this tribe "Laoti" is because of their custom of saying "ti"
at the end of most words. They first came from Vientianne and settled in Ratchaburi
more than 200 years ago. They reside on the banks of the Mae Klong River atSroi Fa Temple
and Papai Temple. They can also be found within the boundaries of Amphoe Chom Bung,
and in Ban Nasamor and Ban Sungnem. Many of their unique customs have disappeared now ,
even the merit-making ceremonies such as the "Sart Lao" festival , the "Khao Pradap Din"
festival of the tenth lunar month, the "Khao Ji" festival of the third lunar month
and the "Prawet" festival of the eleventh lunar month are no longer observed.
This is the name that the people used to call themselves during the Lanna period.
Documented evidence shows that the Yuan were moved to Ratchaburi during the reign of King Rama I,
when the King gave the order to attack Muang Chiang Saen to protect the selves from Myanmar.
Most Yuan can be found in Koo Bua, Ang Thong, Don Rae and Chedihak. They are skilled cart makers
and skirt weavers.
Unfortunately, very few of their traditions have withstood the test of time,
except for an annual ceremony held before the start of Buddhist Lent.
For this ceremony, the older generation, who have stong Buddhist beliefs,
don traditional clothing to pay respect to and feed the spirits of their ancestors.
The Lineage of Thai Khmen Lao Drem
Thai Khmen Lao Derm, or Thai Cambodian Laos, settled here during the Thonburi period of Thai history. Originally,
they lived in Laos but were forced to move to Cambodia, before being brought to Ratchaburi by the Thai army.
They live along the banks of the Mae Klong River at Ban Pong Sawai and Ban Kung Nam Wan.
Just one of the Thai Khmen Lao Derm's traditions remains, which is the order generation's
belief that they must go and inform the spirits in native Cambodian language
of any upcoming auspicious occasions.
The Lineage of Thaijin
Thai Jin, of Thai Chinese, were the biggest minority group to come to Thailand during the reign of King Rama V.
Many can still be found living in Amphoe Ban Pong and around the canals of Damnoen Saduak
and Ban Nok Kwak.
The Thai Chinese who follow Buddhism, annually have a tradition of taking Buddhist images out
in boats for a trip along the rivers around Prasart Sit Temple. Unfortunately, it is difficult
to be precise about the exact dates of this important and spectacular ceremony. The other group
of Thai Chinese who follow Christianity have built many beautiful churches all over Ratchaburi.
||: Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram and Nakhon Pathom
||: Suphan Buri
|Distances from Mueang District to Other Districts
Festivals & Events
Ratchaburi Tourism Fair
is held every year during February–March on the ground of the City Hall. Activities include demonstrations
of famous handicrafts, such as jar making and "Sin Tin Chok" cloth weaving, the selling of OTOP products and
agricultural produce, and folk art and cultural performances by local tribal groups.
Sweet Grape and Damnoen Saduak Floating Market Week Fair
is held around March–April of every year to introduce agricultural produce to the market, especially grapes
which most people grow in Amphoe Damnoen Saduak. Damnoen Saduak Grape is famous for its sweetness and good taste.
This fair features the beauty contest of Thida A-ngun Wan and the competition of quality agricultural products.
Khao Ho or Ang Mi Thong Festival
is a Su Khwan ceremony or the blessing ceremony for happiness and longevity in life, held around the ninth lunar month.
Karens believe that the ninth lunar month is a bad time when ghosts and evil hunt and eat "Khwan" -spirit -of people,
so those people may get sick or die. Normally, this ceremony is often held on the full moon day of the ninth lunar month,
but if some families are not convenient, they can change to any day in the ninth month. In the ceremony,
people boil "Khao Ho" which is sticky rice molded and wrapped in a cone shape; then they will boil it like Khanom Chang.
In the past, they ate Khao Ho by dipping it in honey but at present they often dip it in sliced coconut.
On the day they boil Khao Ho, the Su Khwan Ceremony will be held, too. It starts with poking a wooden plate
and blowing a Khaen for entertainment; then the elders in each family will tie red threads on the children’s wrists and give a blessing for good luck.