Phra Samut Chedi
Samutprakarn Province widely know as "Muang Pak Nam" is located at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River,
north to the Gulf of Thailand and twenty-five kilometers from Bangkok. The whole area covers 1,004 square
kilometers of alluvial plain, crisscrossed by canals, causing some areas to be flooded. The water in these
canals is briny in the dry season. Most of the area is covered with paddy fields and orchards, with groves
of Samae (a small tree of the family Myrsinaceae), prong (a plant of the genus Cycas), the mangrove and
nipa palms. Well known goods from this province are "Khanom Chak" or sweetened sticky rice wrapped by
nipa palm leaves and dried gourami.
was founded during the Ayutthaya Period. The administrative center of the old community,
known as Muang Prapadaeng, was in an area currently the
location of Prapadaeng District. It was a sea port for foreign merchandise ships that traded with Thailand.
Along the coast, forts, town moats and town-walls were constructed as a stronghold against hostile forces.
During the Thonburi Period, King Tak Sin ordered dismantlement of the town-walls. In the Ratanakosin Period,
King Rama II was afraid that this town might have been used by the enemy as a route to transport their troops and supplies.
The King thus had Muang Samutprakarn constructed in Tambon Paknam in 1819. The construction was completed
in three years, with six forts being built on both sides of the Chao Phraya River.
Only three could be finished in this reign -- Prakaisit Fort, Nagaraj
Fort and Phi Sua Samut Fort. King Rama II visited the site of construction several times.
By the royal command, a chedi, by the name of “Phra Samut Chedi,” was erected on an island in the middle of the Chao Phraya River.
Unfortunately, the King passed away before the completion of the whole new town,
leaving the construction to be resumed and completed in the reign of King Rama III,
with three more forts to be added – Tri Petch Fort, Kongkapun Fort and Sua Sonlep Fort.
King Rama V Pra Samut Chedi renovated the height of the chedi being elevated,
and one more fort by the coast being built, named "Phra Chulachomklao Fort". At present,
only Phi Sua Smut Fort and Phra Chilachomklao Fort remain a good condition whereas others are dilapidated.
|Distances from Mueang District to Other Districts
||Phra Samut Chedi
Festivals & Events
Pak Lat Songkran Fair (Phra Pradaeng)
After Songkran Day
Phra Pradaeng Municipal Office Building
Pak Lat Songkran Fair
Pak Lat Songkran or also known as Songkran Phra Pradaeng is held annually on the first Sunday after Songkran Day (April 13 th). The townspeople in cooperation with Phra Pradaeng District celebrate the Songkran Day according to the local Songkran Festival of Raman (Mon) people. In festivals, there are competitions of “Miss Songkran Phra Pradaeng”, birds and fish parade, a series of wagons beautifully decorated with flowers, also Miss Songkran will join the parade.
A Boat-race in front of Muang Phra Pradaeng
In front of Phra Pradaeng Town
Long-boat racing is a traditional festival that is usually falls on the fourth day of the waning moon, the eleventh lunar month of every year. The boat-race held position in front of the District Office on the mighty Chao Phraya.
Phra Samut Chedi Worship Festival
Phra Samut Chedi
This is the great fair for people from all over the country come to worship the revered chedi. The fair is held annually by starting from the fifth day of the waning moon in the eleventh month of the lunar calendar. During the festival, there are contests held for the best-looking procession in presenting the cloth to cover the Phra Samut Chedi. The procession will be run through the streets around the Pak Nam Market, and then be brought onto boats going down the Chao Phraya River until it reaches the Phra Pradaeng District Office and return to Ong Phra Samut Chedi. The ceremony features a changing of the robe around the pagoda from old to new. Moreover, there are boat racing in the Chao Phraya River, local entertainments, and many local products on sale. Getting there: from Samut Prakan town to Phra Samut Chedi, there are daily boat ferries in front of Wibunsri Market around the clock.
Yon Bua Festival
Wat Bang Phli Yai Nai
Yon Bua Festival
In English, the festival translates as "Lotus Throwing Festival". It is held yearly on the thirteenth day and the early morning of the fourteenth day of the waxing moon in the eleventh month of the lunar calendar. This is basically what happens as countless thousands of local people line the banks of Samrong Canal to throw lotus flowers onto a boat carrying a replica of the famous Buddha image Luang Poh To. They also toss lotus to the people from out of town in boats who also come to join in the festival as a sign of making merit together. Moreover, the festival consists competitions of local activities such as arranging a lotus tray, boat decoration contests, and folk entertainments such as Phleng Rua (traditional singing in boats).