, one of Thailand's important ports and coastal provinces, is located
950 kilometers from Bangkok. Occupying an area of 7,393 square kilometers
on the eastern side of the Malaysian Peninsula, the province is bordered
by the States of Kedah (Sai Buri) and Perlis of Malaysia to the south and
the Gulf of Thailand to the east. In addition, Songkhla borders on Nakhon
Si Thammarat and Phatthalung Provinces to the north, Yala and Pattani Provinces
to the south, and Satun and Phatthalung Provinces to the west.
An undeniably historic town endowed with ancient ruins, arts, and places
of cultural importance, Songkhla, a melting pot of Thais, Chinese and Malays,
charms visitors with its unique traditions, dialect, and folk entertainment.
These characteristics are reflections of the provinces rich cultural heritage,
which has been preserved and passed down from generations to generations.
Hat Yai, a district of Songkhla, is perhaps better known than the provincial
capital itself. Hat Yai serves as a southern hub of communication, trading
and transportation as well as a gateway to Malaysia and Singapore. In light
of this, Hat Yai has gained importance as the driving force of economic
growth in the southern region.
||: Nakhon Si Thammarat and Phattalung
||: Gulf of Thailand
||: Yala, Pattani and Border of Malaysia
||: Phattalung and Satun
|Distances to Other Provinces
|Distances from Mueang District to Other Districts
|Klong Hoi Khong
Festivals & Events
Dove Singing Contest
January - July
Cooing doves are popular among Southerners, particularly residents of the
five Southern provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat, Satun and Songkhla.
The most sought after birds are from breeding farms in Chana District, approximately
40 kilometers from Hat Yai District on Highway 408, where dove lovers from
neighboring countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, and Singapore flock to
purchase the birds. Dove cooing competitions are held annually between January
and July. Criteria used in judging the quality of dove's sound is based
on pitch, melody, volume, and continuity in its singing.
Niphat Uthit 1, 2, or 3 Road
Songkran Festival is celebrated on April 13th each year. The traditional festival is held country- wide. In Songkhla,
the festival starts with the merit making ceremony by participants respectfully
pouring water on their venerable elders and ending up with throwing water
at each other. In Hat Yai, the festival is held on Niphat Uthit 1, 2, or
3 Road from morning until afternoon and the event is enjoyed not only by
local residents but also by Malaysian and Singaporean tourists who arrive
in Hat Yai in large number to celebrate this fun-filled event.
May - June
Bull fighting is a traditionally popular sport among the people in the South.
Unlike bull fighting in Spain where a matador fights with a bull, the bull
fighting of the South features a bull fighting another bull. A pair of fighting
bulls is led into the arena for each bout where spectators can cheer and
place bets. During the fight, specially trained bulls lock horns until one
decides to call it quits and runs away. Each bout normally takes between
15 to 30 minutes.
Thamboon Duen Sip Festival
Sathing Phra District
Celebrated by the Buddhists of the South, the Merit Making on the Tenth
Lunar Month festival originates from the belief that during the waxing moon
of the month, souls of the deceased ancestors are allowed a period of freedom
to visit their living relatives. It is the duty of the living to prepare
food and bring it to the temple to make merit, In Sathing Phra, tall figurines
representing venerable elders respected by the villagers parade along together
in the procession.
Lark Phra and Tak Bat Devo
Khao Tang Kuan
Lark Phra and Tak Bat Devo
The festival is celebrated by residents of Songkhla on the first day of
the waxing moon in the 11th lunar month (around October) in Songkhla town.
The festival starts one day early with the robing of the pagoda on the top
of Khao Tang Kuan. Early in the morning of the festival day, hundreds gather
on the hill and proceed down the stairs to receive offerings from the faithful.
Late morning is the scene of processions of artistically decorated vehicles
with Buddha statue from temples in and around Songkhla. The vehicles are
paraded around the town and the faithful make merits by joining the procession.
Finally the decorated vehicles gather at Sra Bua (The Lotus Pond) for competition.