Yala is the southernmost province of Thailand, with an area of 4,521 square kilometers.
It is the only landlocked province in the south. Today Yala is the border province with
many interesting facets: history, culture, and beautiful scenery. The province has
a unique mixture of cultural heritage of several groups--Thai, Chinese, and Islam.
The city centre has systematic town planning and is one of the educational centres
of the south as well.
The word Yala was derived from the local word yalo meaning fish net. Yala used to be
part of Pattani, a colony of the Sukhothai Kingdom. In B.E. 2310 when Ayutthaya fell
to the Burman, southern colonies became independent. During the reign of King Rama I
of the Rattanakosin Dynasty, the King sent his brother, Khrom Phra Ratchawangbowon Maha
Surasihanat to take Pattani. In B.E. 2351, the King had Pattani separated into 7 smaller
colonies, namely Muang Pattani, Muang Sai Buri, Muang Nong Chik, Muang Yaring,
Muang Ra Ngae, Muang Raman, and Muang Yala. Yala had changed its rulers many times
before Monthon was abolished in B.E. 2476 and finally became one of the provinces
(Changwat) of Thailand.
||: Songkhla and Pattani
||: Border of Malaysia
|Distances from Mueang District to Other Districts
Festivals & Events
ASEAN Barred Ground Dove Festival
Suan Khwan Mueang
ASEAN Barred Ground Dove Festival is held annually at Suan Khwan Mueang during the first weekend of March. Yala is one of lower Southern provinces that loves the cooing of doves, which are believed to be an auspicious bird that would bring good luck to its owner, especially the one that has textbook characteristics. For this reason, Mueang Yala Municipality, in collaboration with the Yala Barred Ground Dove Raisers Club, had the 1st ASEAN Barred Ground Dove Festival held in Thailand in 1986.
Yala City Pillar Homage-paying Fair and Red Cross Fair
24 May - 4 June
City Pillar Shrine Circle
Yala City Pillar Homage-paying Fair and Red Cross Fair is scheduled to take place during 24 May - 4 June of every year. The event features the City Pillar Replica Procession, booth display and exhibitions by government agencies, folk entertainment; such as, Manora, Shadow Play, and Likay Hulu. The event takes place at the City Pillar Shrine Circle.